Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Understanding It
Over Dependency on drugs and other ailments can be treated by changing the thinking mentality and emotions of a person and this is the core of cognitive behavioural therapy.
In the 1960s Dr. Aaron T. Beck founded a type of mental health counselling known as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
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CBT helps people to fight addiction by helping them to deal with the negative thoughts and feelings behind the addiction.
Nowadays, CBT has become a common part of treating addictions. Patients undergoing CBT treatment are taught to recognize the triggers in their minds, emotions, and behaviour that lead to them taking the drugs. This makes it easy to work on recovery.
Some addiction patients also have other issues concurrently occurring with the addiction problems like:
ADD or Attention Deficit Disorder
Various forms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
PTSD or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
If you suffer from addiction or any of those issues listed, please look for a CBT treatment facility for help.
Many harmful actions and emotions which people indulge in do not fall in the rational or the logical category and these actions can be identified by cognitive-behavioural therapy. The feelings and behaviours of people could be coming as a direct result from past experiences and factors related to the environment.
A recovering user may have certain negative thoughts that automatically come to mind and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can help to identify them. Involuntary ideas from a sudden urge and frequently emanates from a mistaken belief and a subconscious way of thinking based on low esteem and fear. People start to use some of the rugs in an effort to cover up these thoughts.
A person can stop their over dependency on drugs if they identify the thoughts and emotions that lead them to abuse drugs or behaviour in a certain way.
Recovering addicts can soothe the pain caused by distressful memories by repeatedly revisiting them. Once they can cope with the issues without freaking out, they are then taught how to cultivate healthy habits in place of the substances they were addicted to.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Treatment For Addiction
Over Dependency on the drugs is also associated with behaviours such as feeling sad and nervous and this are caused by the bad thoughts.
This clearly indicates that the automatic thoughts within the mind can make an individual susceptible to drug abuse and alcoholism as well.
How to identify what brings on the urge for the drug or alcohol on a day to day basis. There are three ways in which CBT can help recovering users deal with triggers according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Alcoholism And Other Drugs Can Be Eliminated By Cbt Including
Helping to dispel my persuasions and feeling of insecurity, which result in substance abuse, from the patient's mind.
Using techniques that are bound to help the patient up boost moral.
Carrying out training on effective communication skills.
Keys For Controlling Triggers
Know Them (recognize)
Identify the circumstances which can lead to the use of drugs and alcohol.
Keep Away From Them (Avoid)
Stay away from places and situations that make you want to drink or take the drugs.
Deal With Them (Cope)
Using CBT techniques, examine and mitigate emotions and thoughts that provoke substance use.
You can practice CBT behaviour techniques anywhere and everywhere. Patients can do a lot of CBT exercises all by themselves - at a group meeting and at home.
SMART and other such like Addiction Support groups employ the CBT techniques to help their members remain sober.
Methods Used In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
There are exercises peculiar to CBT-based treatment for addicted patients.
Here are some examples of CBT techniques that are widely used in treatment of addictions:
Evaluation Of Thoughts
The patients are encouraged to stop and evaluate their thoughts see if they are worth keeping them or if they are better discarded.
The participants are supposed to evaluate their thoughts critically to see the downsides it is causing to their lives.
The objective is to assist them to think in a balanced manner and critically evaluate their thoughts to feel constructive about themselves.
For example, a person may think that a supervisor at work doesn't think highly of them. I need to have a drink to feel better' becomes 'it's normal to commit mistakes, and I can learn from the example. My supervisor may in fact think highly of me for being able to learn from my mistakes. I don't need any alcohol to bolster my self-esteem."
Here the exercises involve comparing negative thoughts and positive thoughts to see which influence good behaviour more.
It is well-known that some people respond better to self-kindness while others could display better responses to self-criticism.
One needs to identify the behaviours that work best with them.
Example "I'm likely to binge drink less if I am hard on myself during and after the binge drinking" vs. "I'll probably have fewer drinks if I am talking to myself kindly after the session of binge drinking."
Imagery Based Exposure
The people can overcome their feelings by thinking of a past experience that was unpleasant.
The person then carefully notes what they were seeing, hearing, feeling and thinking in that moment.
The anxiousness caused by certain negative experiences can be lessened by going over these experiences over and over.
Example: A young guy focuses on some painful experience from his childhood. He recollects every information and feeling during that time. Following constant experience, the recollection lessens the pain and thereby decreasing the craving for alcohol or drugs.
Pleasant Activity Program
Enjoyable activities which can help break up regular routines can be learned by people simply by making a list of the healthy activities because the technique requires them to do so.
All the activities on the list should be easy to do, simple, and trigger positive emotions.
By scheduling these simple activities that individuals can easily reduce some of the negative and automatic thoughts within the mind and gain control over the subsequent need to indulge in the use of drugs or alcohol.
Example: It will be better for an overworked financial advisor to consider relaxing at his or her desk for 15 minutes every day, rather than indulging in drugs or alcohol on the job. Instead, the break is used to listen to a recently released song from a new music sensation.
How Cognitive-Behavioural Therapies Differ From Other Psychotherapies
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is more likeable than many other methods of therapy.
At CBT sessions, recovering addicts do not just talk, and their therapists do not just listen passively to patients. The therapist and addict are instead expected to treat the addiction by working hand in hand.
The foundation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy focuses on action-based treatment, which will be rapid. Most of the 60 - 90 day rehab programs have CBT as a component that equips addicts with immediate techniques to help in coping.
Other psychotherapy approaches could take up to a number of years to produce results. In sharp contrast, CBT just requires 16 sessions before meaningful results can be seen.
Cognitive behavioural therapy techniques are also very flexible, which makes them well usable for treatment both in a clinic and on outpatient basis, and CBT can be applied both during individual counselling and in groups. Most counsellors and addiction medical facilities incorporate CBT as a section of their recovery programs.