Fentanyl is an opioid pain reliever (OPR), a synthetic pharmaceutical drug, stronger than morphine more than 50 to 100 times. To relieve severe pain, such as during cancer treatment or after surgery Fentanyl is used which is a powerful pain reliever. If other pain relievers fail because the body become accustomed to it, Fentanyl is the go-to drug for its efficiency and potency. Fentanyl has a high potential for addiction due to its potency. Someone who is addicted to the drug feels "comfortable" once he or she develops a habit to Fentanyl narcotic features, requiring more of the drug to achieve the previous sensations.
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Many forms can be taken by the Fentanyl to fulfill patient's needs.
Some popular brand names and forms are:
Actiq - The form of Fentanyl which is available as lozenge placed on a plastic stick taken under tongue just as is the case for a lollipop.
It has some military applications and is used by patients already on pain-relieving medications.
Duragesic - In the 1990s, this Fentanyl patch was introduced.
It is usually prescribed for the management of moderate to severe pain and its effects could be experienced for about 3 days.
Sublimaze - Sublimaze is the injectable form of Fentanyl, generally administered in hospitals sometimes alongside anaesthetics.
Utilized in the treatment of pain before as well as after surgeries.
Subsys - These come in the form of a sublingual spray which delivers immediate pain relief when placed under a patient's tongue.
Used to manage the breakthrough pain experienced by cancer patients.
Abstral - Abstral is the quick-dissolvable tablet version of Fentanyl and is placed under the tongue for immediate relief and also used for opioid-tolerant patients with breakthrough cancer pain.
Lazanda - Is a Fentanyl nasal spray which is administered in the same manner as a common nasal decongestant spray.
In cancer patients, it is predominantly used to treat pain.
Dopamine is the hormone responsible for making us feeling happy and is catalysed by Fentanyl as the drug neutralized the part of the brain that is responsible for making us experience discomfort. China white, China girl, T&T, crush and dance fever are the street names for Fentanyl.
Seek help now if someone you care about is abusing Fentanyl.
Effects Of Fentanyl Abuse
Regardless of the prescription form, the Fentanyl still comes with a great risk for addiction and abuse like other ORPs.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has warned of a possible Fentanyl epidemic due to the imminent potency and the addictive potential of this drug.
An intense euphoria and sense of relaxation similar to heroin "high" are experienced by those ingesting Fentanyl at unprescribed levels.
Some of the symptoms of Fentanyl abuse are:
Inability to pass stool
Nausea and throwing up
Fentanyl abuse is particularly risky for individuals who don't have a tolerance to opioids. The risk posed by an overdose is heightened when the user is not tolerant to it abuses it.
Those using the drug without caution may become addicted and cause them to engage in deadly misuse of the drug.
Using Fentanyl together with illegal narcotics such as heroin or stimulants such as Cocaine enhance the drug's deleterious effects. Fentanyl is a volatile and potentially lethal drug whether taken as prescribed or abused recreationally.
The drug may reconfigure the brain and stimulate overproduction of dopamine as a result of its effect on the central nervous system. As a result of some of the neurochemical alterations, one who is prescribed for Fentanyl could end up being dependent on the drug and they could opt for illegal ways of acquiring it after they finish up on their prescribed dose.
From abuse to full-blown addiction, OPRs like Fentanyl can escalate.
Given that a number of people are not of the opinion that OPRs like Fentanyl have an inherent ability to cause an addiction like heroin or other street drugs, this creates room for accidental as well as intentional abuse. Healthcare professionals can pinpoint problematic behaviour like building a tolerance or suffering withdrawal symptoms with the help of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders' criteria for diagnosing substance use disorder.
Get a good understanding of a Fentanyl addiction
Fentanyl Addiction And Treatment For It
It can be a miserable process by cutting out Fentanyl, which is also known as "cold turkey", although rarely life-threatening. With those living with a Fentanyl addiction have likely developed a physical dependence on the substance and therefore when taking these people off of the drugs it can be a painful process. Specialized treatment programs are available for both inpatient and outpatient treatment of an addiction.
Fentanyl withdrawal varies much in its severity this being based on the dose taken and the form of the drug taken, from intense irritability and chills to even restlessness and sweating.
Although Fentanyl has a non-lethal withdrawal, there is a great chance of developing a relapse. Relying on a medical supervision of the withdrawal phase could make recovery easier and safer.
Call Us To Break The Addiction
Despite the difficulties, a Fentanyl addiction can be hard to overcome but it is possible to overcome any addiction. There are various support groups across the country to help you overcome your addiction. Do whatever you can to stop your addiction now.